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How to configure mikrotik network equipment » History » Revision 10

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Nico Schottelius, 05/21/2020 03:51 PM


How to configure mikrotik network equipment

Status

This document is PRE PRODUCTION.

Setting up a newly arrived Mikrotik switch

This part is specific for mikrotik-crs326 devices and should

After arriving within 1 work day do:

  • Unpack
  • Find out which name the switch should have
    • go to https://netbox.ungleich.ch
    • search for crs326
    • identify the last used number
    • Create a new device
      • go to devices
      • devices
      • add
        • name: "mikrotik-crs326-XX"
        • device-role: a device role
        • device-type: CRS326
        • serial-number: <from the device>
        • site: placeX -
        • create
  • Add a physical label with its name
    • Do not continue before you have done that!
  • configure your notebook with the ipv4 address 192.168.88.23/24
  • connect to the crs326: ssh admin@192.168.88.1
  • Configure the switch
    • Set identity: /system identity set name=mikrotik-crs326-XX # use the correct name
    • Set password: /user set admin password= # use the password for mikrotik in the place that you are, use password store
    • Enable IPv6: /system package enable ipv6
    • Reboot so that IPv6 is enabled: /system reboot
    • Add a place indendent, unrouted IPv6 address: /ipv6 address add eui-64=yes advertise=no interface=bridge address=2a0a:e5c0:1:c::/64
    • Get the assigned IPv6 address: /ipv6 address print
    • Disconnect from the switch
  • Assign your notebook the IPv6 address 2a0a:e5c0:1:c::23/64
  • Connect to the switch via IPv6
    • Remove the IPv4 address 192.168.88.1 to avoid collisions with other switches: /ip address remove numbers=0
      • Verify: /ip address print
  • Verify / update entries in netbox:
    • Verify that the serial number is correct: :put [ /system routerboard get serial-number ]
    • Netbox
  • Ensure all steps are taken correctly
  • Move the device to our inventory / stock if not directly used

Configuring a Mikrotik switch for integration into the network

Depending on the usage scenario, we will define a variety of bridges and assign ports to it.

  • In almost all cases the uplink port will be the sfp-sfpplus1 port.
  • In almost all cases we want to apply vlan tagging to that port
  • For server networks, we configure the MTU to the highest value the switch supports
    • Devices are configured with a 9200 MTU
    • So the MTU on the switch ports needs to be at least 9200

First step for all integrations

Setup MTU of all sfp-sfpplus ports (plural) to 9200 and the L2MTU to 9204:

Use /interface print to find out the maximum MTU:

[admin@mikrotik-crs326-1] > /interface print 
Flags: D - dynamic, X - disabled, R - running, S - slave 
 #     NAME                                TYPE       ACTUAL-MTU L2MTU  MAX-L2MTU MAC-ADDRESS      
 0   S ether1                              ether            9200  9204      10218 B8:69:F4:8E:AC:BA
 1   S ether2                              ether            9200  9204      10218 B8:69:F4:8E:AC:BB
...
24  R  sfp-sfpplus1                        ether            9200  9204      10218 B8:69:F4:8E:AC:D2
25     sfp-sfpplus2                        ether            9200  9204      10218 B8:69:F4:8E:AC:D3

Above is already setup, but the values differ, use the following to set it correctly:

/interface set sfp-sfpplus1 mtu=9200 l2mtu=9204
/interface set sfp-sfpplus2 mtu=9200 l2mtu=9204

Use case 1: coworking network

To use the switch in a coworking network, we keep the MTU

  • Create a vlan interface named vlan-coworking: /something something sami
  • Create a bridge named bridge-coworking: /something something sami
  • Add the interface vlan-coworking to the bridge-coworking as a port: /something something sami
  • Add all ethernet ports that you need for coworking to the bridge-coworking
    • For instance to add port 7: /something something sami

Update the switch to the latest version

(TBD for IPv6 only networks)
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Updated by Nico Schottelius 6 days ago · 10 revisions