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The ungleich kubernetes infrastructure » History » Revision 17

Revision 16 (Nico Schottelius, 07/18/2021 11:45 AM) → Revision 17/37 (Nico Schottelius, 07/18/2021 02:19 PM)

h1. The ungleich kubernetes infrastructure

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h2. Status

This document is **pre-production**

h2. k8s clusters

| Cluster | Purpose | Init/Notes | flux |
| c0.k8s.ooo | Dev | @kubeadm init --config k8s/c0/kubeadm.yaml --upload-certs@ |
| c1.k8s.ooo | undef | Dev | |
| c2.k8s.ooo | Demo/Semiprod | @kubeadm init --config k8s/c2/kubeadm.yaml --upload-certs@ | @flux bootstrap git --url=ssh://git@code.ungleich.ch/ungleich-intern/k8s-config.git --path=cluster/c2 --network-policy false --cluster-domain c2.k8s.ooo@ |
| p5.k8s.ooo | Prod | Place5 |
| p6.k8s.ooo | Prod | Place6 |
| p7.k8s.ooo | Prod | Place7 |

h2. General architecture and components overview

* All k8s clusters are IPv6 only
* We use BGP peering to propagate podcidr and serviceCidr networks to our infrastructure
* The main / public repository is "ungleich-k8s":https://code.ungleich.ch/ungleich-public/ungleich-k8s

h2. ungleich kubernetes infrastructure v1

We are using the following components:

* "Calico as a CNI":https://www.projectcalico.org/ with BGP, IPv6 only, no encapsulation
* "kubernetes-secret-generator":https://github.com/mittwald/kubernetes-secret-generator for creating secrets
* "ungleich-certbot":https://hub.docker.com/repository/docker/ungleich/ungleich-certbot to get certificates
* "rook with ceph rbd + cephfs":https://rook.io/ for storage
** rbd for almost everything, *ReadWriteOnce*
** cephfs for smaller things, multi access *ReadWriteMany*

h3. Persistent storage setup

* 3 or 5 monitors

h3. Cluster types

| **Type/Feature** | **Development** | **Production** |
| Min No. nodes | 3 (1 master, 3 worker) | 5 (3 master, 3 worker) |
| Recommended minimum | 4 (dedicated master, 3 worker) | 8 (3 master, 5 worker) |
| Separation of control plane | optional | recommended |
| Persistent storage | required | required |
| Number of storage monitors | 3 | 5 |

h2. Operations

h3. Installing a new k8s cluster

* Decide on the cluster name (usually *cX.k8s.ooo*), X counting upwards
* Use cdist to configure the nodes with requirements like crio
* Decide between single or multi node control plane setups (see below)
* Setup DNS delegation and glue records:
** kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cX AAAA ...
** kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cX A ...
** cX NS kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cX

h2. Open Issues / To be discussed

* "Maybe add Autoscaling support?":https://github.com/kubernetes-sigs/metrics-server
** https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/run-application/horizontal-pod-autoscale/
** https://github.com/kubernetes/autoscaler/tree/master/vertical-pod-autoscaler/
* Certainly deploy in-cluster monitoring
** "prometheus-operator":https://github.com/prometheus-operator/prometheus-operator CR
** "kube-prometheus":https://github.com/prometheus-operator/kube-prometheus complete example, based on prometheus-operator
** "kubernetes dashboard":https://github.com/kubernetes/dashboard generic cluster overview, basically kubectl for a broswer + graphs
** "kube-prometheus-stack via helm":https://github.com/prometheus-community/helm-charts/tree/main/charts/kube-prometheus-stack#kube-prometheus-stack
*** Looks most fitting, testing it in #9468
* Matrix/Notification bot
** Informing about changes in the cluster